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Captivity is an old phenomenon that societies suffered from during wars, occupation and political disputes. It is a tough and painful experience in the life of the prisoner on the psychological, social and economic levels. The rehabilitation of prisoners involves many problems and obstacles due to the isolation, torture and humiliation that they experience.
The Palestinian society suffered and still suffer from the phenomenon of captivity as a result of the Israeli occupation. More than half a million cases of imprisonment are recorded since 1967 on grounds related to fighting the occupation. The current number of prisoners in Israeli jails is 7500 and the number is on the increase. These statistics show that imprisonment in the Palestinian society affected a large number of people influencing the whole society. Hence, the importance of this study stems from these realities. It aims at analyzing this phenomenon, identifying the problems and obstacles which encountered the Palestinian prisoners which led to hindering their rehabilitation and integration in the society on the social and economic levels.
Further, the study evaluates the role of the rehabilitation program in helping freed prisoners to integrate in the society.
Due to the prevalent political and security conditions, in the area, this study is limited to the treatment of freed prisoners who benefited from the rehabilitation program in the District of Nablus (2898 prisoners). A regular sample is chosen randomly forming 20% of the study group. The researcher used the questionnaire as a basic means to collect data that would meet the aims of the study. The interview is also used as a means to obtain some extra deep information.The data then are analyzed by using the SPSS
The nature of the structure and composition of the Palestinian society, and its ability to endure and adjust itself to new circumstances reduced the volume of suffering for the freed prisoners and helped them to integrate in the society. Further, the symbolic image that the Palestinian society draws for these prisoners and its acceptance of their realities and the acceptance of the prisoner of the realities of his society helped a lot in the integration of these prisoners. Added to this is the role that the rehabilitation program played in their rehabilitation and integration in the society. All of these realities show that the freed prisoners generally have a high aptitude to reintegrate in the society on the social and economic levels.
The results of the study show that there are differences with significant statistical value for the integration of prisoners due to the variables of the prisoner’s age, his level of education, marital status, employment, means of monthly encome, health, number of arrests, the degree of physical torture and his benefit from the services of the rehabilitation program. No differences, however, with significant statistical value for the integration of prisoners due to the variables of place of habitation, the nature of the prisoner’s work, the total period of imprisonment, the degree of torture and the type of service that he received from the rehabilitation program of the freed prisoners.
The results also showed that the prisoners’ attitudes towards the rehabilitation program were negative with a significant statistical value due to the variables of place of habitation, the level of education, marital status, the nature of employment, monthly income, the duration of imprisonment and the benefit from the rehabilitation program. No differences of significant statistical value are attributed to the variables of the prisoner’s age, number of arrests, the type of service that the prisoner received from the rehabilitation program.
The study concludes with some recommendations that may help all those who are concerned with the rehabilitation of prisoners and their welfare.
تخريج وتوثيق الأطروحة
دور برنامج تأهيل الأسرى المحررين في تحقيق الاندماج الاجتماعي والاقتصادي للأسرى المحررين الفلسطينيين داخل المجتمع، "دراسة ميدانية في محافظة نابلس"، اطروحة تقدم بها: عماد عبد اللطيف حسين محمد، إلى مجلس كلية الآداب – جامعة بغداد، وهي جزء من متطلبات نيل درجة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع، بإشراف: الأستاذ الدكتور عبد اللطيف عبد الحميد العاني، كلية الآداب، قسم الاجتماع – جامعة بغداد، العراق، الأستاذ المساعد، الدكتور: فيصل عبد مسعود الزعنون، قسم الاجتماع – جامعة النجاح، الوطنية، فلسطين، شوال 1425هـ بغداد كانون أول 2004م.
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